A New Study Has Advanced Our Understanding of Superconductors

 International School for Advanced Studies  pic

International School for Advanced Studies
Image: sissa.it

The former senior vice president of global manufacturing operations at American Superconductor, Angelo R. Santamaria has amassed over two decades of experience in the manufacturing sector. Over the course of his career, Angelo Santamaria has made contributions to fields including wastewater management, solar power, and wind energy, and his work at American Superconductor helped facilitate the development of the first commercially manufactured superconductors.

Recent research conducted by an international team of condensed matter physicists and materials scientists has presented groundbreaking new implications for the future of superconductors and, therefore, energy efficiency. Published in a recent edition of Nature Physics by researchers from the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste, Italy; Politecnico di Milano; and Università Cattolica di Brescia, the study explored the electronic interactions within a complex superconductive material containing bismuth, copper, and oxygen.

The team used a series of laser pulses to first disrupt the material’s equilibrium state, then separated and examined the individual electron interactions as the superconductor returned to equilibrium. These snapshots, as dubbed by the research team, revealed a rather intriguing property: electrons within the material did not repel on each other while at room temperature, meaning that they were free to move along a unified current.

This study has opened the door to a possible solution for one of the most significant challenges in the study of superconductors; typically, superconductors that would otherwise be ideal take on insulating properties at higher temperatures, preventing the efficient flow of an electric current. By developing a material that retains its superconductive properties at room temperature, scientists could pave the way for efficiency improvements in the energy sector, magnetic resonance imaging, and innovative transportation.

East Coast Ramps Up Offshore Wind Power Capacities

American Superconductor pic

American Superconductor
Image: amsc.com

With extensive experience in the semiconductor supply sphere, Angelo Santamaria has served as vice president of American Superconductor. Also holding responsibilities as general manager of the American Superconductor’s Wires business unit, Angelo Santamaria engaged in guiding global manufacturing operations.

One area of leadership focus was on wind turbines designs that drove efficiencies and revenue expansion within competitive markets. The wind energy market is one that continues to grow in the United States, even in the face of a momentum shift that has witnessed President Donald Trump urging increases in natural gas and coal production.

At the forefront of this focus is Massachusetts, with the state’s Department of Energy Resources taking proactive steps to comply with a mandate signed by the Governor last year to achieve 1,600 megawatts in offshore wind power over the next decade. In a recent bid, Eversource Energy and National Grid Plc, and Unitil Corp. submitted proposals to purchase up to 800 megawatts in offshore wind energy. This comes in the wake of the December Rhode Island opening of a 30 megawatt installation that represents America’s first ever offshore wind farm. Other such projects are slated to for locations off of New York and the North Carolina coast.

Fresh Water is More Important Today than Ever

Oasys Water pic

Oasys Water
Image: OasysWater.com

Angelo Robert Santamaria is a business executive who formerly worked for the American Superconductor in Devens, Massachusetts. In his most recent position, Angelo R. Santamaria operated as the vice president of global manufacturing operations for the forward osmosis technology company, Oasys Water.

Oasys Water focuses on the provision of forward osmosis technology to treat industrial wastewater in the United States and China. The company’s aim is to use creative solutions for high recovery desalination to supplement the world’s diminishing supply of fresh water.

Though scientists and researchers have no definite way to determine the future of the world’s natural water resources, factors such as climate change and increasing demand from a growing world population are projected to create a scarcity of fresh water. In the last several years, drought, overuse of natural resources, and rising temperatures have caused fresh water problems for people in many countries, including Brazil, Iran, and the United States. Data collected by the UN suggests that current water usage trends are unsustainable. They project that in the next 13 years, the world will only maintain three-fifths of the amount of water that it needs if current methods of use continue.